The default file system of the macOS is changed to APFS since macOS High Sierra 10.13. The file system of the disk image file which is created by the Disk Utility had been changed to APFS also.
They are not able to mount on earlier OS than macOS 10.13 which not supports APFS.
This article how to create the disk image file with specify the file system.
Creating the disk image file
To create the disk image file, you can following way:
- Use the Disk Utility
- Use the hdiutil
To specify the file system, use hdiutil to create the disk image file.
Creating the disk image file with hdiutil
To create the disk image file with hdiutil, enter the following line in the Terminal.
$ hdiutil create -srcfolder Test -fs HFS+ Test.dmg
The first argument is an action. The
create specify create the disk image file.
-srcfolder option specify the source folder which contains files and folders are copied into the disk image. Above example specify the
Test folder in the current directory.
-fs option specify the file system. The
HFS+ is a default system which had been used until macOS 10.12.
The last argument is a disk image file. Above example creates the
The file system you can specify
The file system you can specify is not only
HFS+. You can specify following values. If the value is composed of multiple words, surround with “”.
- MS-DOS FAT12
- MS-DOS FAT16
- MS-DOS FAT32
- Case-sensitive HFS+
- Case-sensitive Journaled HFS+
- Journaled HFS+
- Case-sensitive APFS
Checking the file system of the disk image
To check the file system of the disk image, mount it or use hdiutil.
Check by mount
Do following steps.
- Mount the disk image file in the Finder.
- Select the mounted volume and select “Get Info” from the “File” menu.
- Check the “Format”.
“Mac OS Extended” indicates the file system is HFS+.
Check with hdiutil
To check with `hdiutil`, specify the `imageinfo` to the action.
$ hdiutil imageinfo Test.dmg
The `Test.dmg` is a file you want to check. Check the “Partition Information” from the output.
Partition Information: 3: Name: disk image（Apple_HFS: 4） Partition Number: 3 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $3E471B93 4: Name: （Apple_Free: 5） Partition Number: 4 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $00000000 0: Name: GPT Header（Primary GPT Header: 1） Partition Number: 0 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $CEBAB25D 5: Name: GPT Partition Data（Backup GPT Table: 6） Partition Number: 5 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $023D8A03 1: Name: GPT Partition Data（Primary GPT Table: 2） Partition Number: 1 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $023D8A03 6: Name: GPT Header（Backup GPT Header: 7） Partition Number: 6 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $E51B930E -1: Name: Protective Master Boot Record（MBR: 0） Partition Number: -1 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $81A8883E 2: Name: （Apple_Free: 3） Partition Number: 2 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $00000000
You can see many partitions are contained in the disk image. The
Name of the number 3 is
disk image (APPLE_HFS: 4) that you can know the file system is HFS+ from that.
For example, if the file system is FAT16, hdiutil output following:
Partition Information: -1: Name: Master Boot Record（MBR: 0） Partition Number: -1 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $60F9AB31 0: Name: （DOS_FAT_16: 1） Partition Number: 0 Checksum Type: CRC32 Checksum Value: $E6119278
DOS_FAT_16: 1, which indicates the file system is FAT16.
- Representative of RK Kaihatsu. I am a professional developer specializing in macOS Apps, iOS Apps, SDKs and middleware development. I often use ObjC, Swift and C++. Based on development experience, I provide e-learning contents, technical books and technical guidance. I am also a technical seminar instructor, in-house training instructor, and administrative / local goverment staff training instructor.